Sunday, May 3, 2015

Community Safety Fear of Crime Ch. 4 "feelings of safety when walking alone after dark" 'A Safe and Secure Environment for Older Australians' Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series No. 51 2003 Perceptions of Community Safety Vigilantism Hyper-Vigilantism the Rise of Covert Bullying Cyber Bullying Social Exclusion




“A point of some importance is that “high-fear” groups are not especially characterised by age. Rather differences, hold within age groups. Thus, for instance, while it is well established that women are more fearful of crime than men (or at least admit to it more), younger women are more fearful than younger men, as well as older women being more fearful than older men.”


“Apart from the gender difference, other main findings are:


“people who live in high-crime areas are more likely than those who live in areas with lower levels of crime to be fearful”


“local disorder (such as noisy neighbours, poor street-lighting, and teenagers hanging around) is predictive of virtually all measures of fear”


“personal experience of being victimised, and greater contact with other victims, heightens fear”


“Secondly, the evidence from the UK suggests that while fear levels for many crimes are not disproportionately higher among older people, they are nonetheless more likely to feel their quality of life has been reduced through crime and the fear it provokes”


“In contrast, there are two fear-of-crime issues that paint a more worrying picture. First, in answer to a question about feelings of safety when walking alone after dark, older people are markedly more concerned. They are not more concerned, however, about their safety at home alone at night (see Figure 12).


 The “safety on the streets after dark” question is a very common one in crime surveys, and indeed is sometimes the only one asked. The much higher levels of anxiety among older people in response to this question may well explain why the notion of excessive fear among older people has taken such hold.


The reason why older people are more fearful about their safety on the streets alone at night is not entirely clear. Note that the question does not mention crime, and it could be that the prospect of being out alone on dark public streets may evoke anxiety about a greater range of mishaps (for example, falling over), especially as the emotional, physical and financial consequences could be worse for older people (James & Graycar 2000).


 The question is also hypothetical for those who rarely go out alone after dark, which will be the case for many older people. It might also be that “street-crime” affecting older people is particularly overdramatised in the media—and many older people may form their perception of crime through this.


Secondly, the evidence from the UK suggests that while fear levels for many crimes are not disproportionately higher among older people, they are nonetheless more likely to feel their quality of life has been reduced through crime and the fear it provokes”


“A point of some importance is that “high-fear” groups are not especially characterised by age. Rather differences, hold within age groups. Thus, for instance, while it is well established that women are more fearful of crime than men (or at least admit to it more), younger women are more fearful than younger men, as well as older women being more fearful than older men.”


“Apart from the gender difference, other main findings are:


“people who live in high-crime areas are more likely than those who live in areas with lower levels of crime to be fearful”


“local disorder (such as noisy neighbours, poor street-lighting, and teenagers hanging around) is predictive of virtually all measures of fear”


“personal experience of being victimised, and greater contact with other victims, heightens fear”




Fear of Crime Ch. 4

A Safe and Secure Environment for Older Australians     
 
Marianne James, Adam Graycar and Pat Mayhew  
Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series No. 51 2003

http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/2/B/%7B02BE0DD1-4F30-4AAA-8F35-7CF1E3EB1C81%7DRPP51.pdf



















Fear of Crime Ch. 4

A Safe and Secure Environment for Older Australians

Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series No. 51 2003

http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/2/B/%7B02BE0DD1-4F30-4AAA-8F35-7CF1E3EB1C81%7DRPP51.pdf

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