Sunday, September 21, 2014

Cycling Deaths Fatalities Negligence Making it easier to Ride through Red Lights, Ride without a Set of Bike Lights, Ride without a Helmet Ride through Tram stops and Ride from Footpath onto Road and Crossing Duty of Care Community Safety & The Age Feb 10th 2012 Cycling Safety Cycling Safely Victoria's Cycling Strategy “Cyclists are much more likely to Die from Bicycle Alone Accidents/ Bike Falls and Riding on the Footpath onto the Road or Crossing than Dooring” Cycling Deaths Fatalities Risk Reduction Informed Choice Focus on Increasing/ Encouraging Cycling Participation may be Negligent


Cycling is about safe exercise and safe low emission travel.
-        “Cyclists who break the law are much more likely to be killed or seriously injured”
-        Bicycle Victoria’s Report into Cycle Deaths in Victoria (2002).
-        Therefore it matters very much how people take up riding.
-        "The fact so many new riders were taking to the roads meant there were a big group of "newbie" cyclists who had yet to learn the best way to conduct themselves on the roads”
Gary Brennan
Bicycle Network Victoria
   Herald Sun   February 13, 2013
-         
-        The focus must be on cycling behaviour modification to ensure that cyclists are behaving in a safe and lawful manner, and not simply on encouraging more cyclists.
-        While “Dooring” is a cycling safety issue in the wider community or collisions with car doors opened onto traffic,
-        Cyclists are much more likely to Die from Bicycle Alone Accidents/Bike Falls or from Riding from the footpath onto the Road or Crossing than Dooring
-        and more likely to be seriously injured by Bicycle Alone Accidents/Bike Falls and Riding from the Footpath onto the Road or Crossing than from Dooring.
-         
-        Dooring accounts for one cyclist fatality,
-         
-        in Victoria during the period June 30th 2004- June 30th 2013  
-         
-        and 306 serious injuries in Victoria during the period June 30th 2004- June 30th 2013 
-         
-        according to VicRoads CrashStats.
-        Whereas Nine cyclists were fatally injured
-        and 510 cyclists were seriously injured
-        riding from the footpath or driveway onto the road or a crossing DCA 147 and DCA 148
-        during the same period.
-         
-        From Jan 2006 – 31/12/2012 Vic Roads Crash Stats records that there have been
-       
Five cyclist fatalities in its calendar year summary 
-       
from bicycle alone accident, bike falls
-         
-        This also give pause for those of advancing years who believe cycling is healthy low-impact exercise.
-         
-         From Jan 2003 – 31/12/2012 Vic Roads Crash Stats also records
-         
-        325 serious injuries from bicycle alone accidents
-         
-        According to Bicycle Victoria’s Report into Cycle Deaths in Victoria (2002)
-        “Around 80% of all cyclist hospitalisations are for crashes that do not involve motor vehicles."
-       
"All the cyclists who have a crash ‘all by themselves’, called bicycle alone or single vehicle crashes. 
-       
These account for around 80% of all hospitalisations." 
-         
-        Why then ought the “Victorian Government Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources seek to “make it easier for people to take up riding” or focus on encouraging/ increasing cycling “participation”
-        without first giving citizens an informed choice as to the risks involved and risk reduction behavior,
-        without addressing cyclists’ behaviour modification
-        and inadequate cycling infrastructure?

I argue that the “Victorian Government Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources

"has a duty of care to ensure that reasonable action is taken to minimise the risk of harm to anyone who is reasonably likely to be affected by the department's activities.”
I argue that the Victorian Government
Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources
 “may be found to be negligent where a failure to take reasonable care results in some injury or loss.”

Pete Dowe
Road Safety Advocate






Bicycle Victoria spokesman Garry Brennan said it was 

"critically important for cyclists to stop at red lights"


and for motorists not to approach intersections with the assumption that lights would turn in their favour 


‘‘because riders can get stranded in wide intersections such as this one’’.


http://m.theage.com.au/victoria/cyclist-killed-in-highway-car-collision-20120210-1s73p.html



Swanston Street tram super stop in Melbourne



Melbourne CBD 
Photo ABC News




I argue that the “Victorian Government Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure


"has a duty of care to ensure that reasonable action is taken to minimise the risk of harm to anyone who is reasonably likely to be affected by the department's activities.”


I argue that the Victorian Government Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure

“may be found to be negligent where a failure to take reasonable care results in some injury or loss.”


Pete Dowe



This blog strongly opposes certain reforms

VicRoads is currently considering:

“under one suggested reform, 

cyclists could be allowed to treat red lights as Give Way signs. 

And the same could also APPLY  at pedestrian lights."   
Also


"PERMITTING cyclists, riding cautiously, to proceed past a stationary tram;"


"ALLOWING all riders to use the footpath, provided that they give way to pedestrians."

Herald Sun 12.9.14



Pete Dowe


Road Safety Advocate




"A Cyclist...appeared to have entered a major intersection
on a red light before she was struck by a car...

The 36-year-old mother was not wearing a helmet and suffered massive head injuries...

and did not have lights on her bike when the crash occurred at 6.15am."



"...it is troubling that way too many of the bike fatalities involve riders without helmets.’’

Garry Brennan
Bicycle Network Victoria

(Fifteen Cyclist Fatalities No Bike Helmet in Victoria 2003- 2012)



‘‘Helmets save lives. Lights save lives. 
Sometimes you’re just lost for words as to why we don’t get that,’’ 

Sergeant Hickson said.





Vicroads Crashstats


Vicroads Crashstats

Bike Lights Law
Road Rule 259

"The rider of a bicycle must not ride at night, 
or in hazardous weather conditions 
causing reduced visibility 
unless the bicycle ..."

http://petedoweroadsafetyadvocate.blogspot.com.au/2012/09/bike-lights-law-road-rule-259.html

Bicycle Victoria spokesman Garry Brennan said 

it was critically important for cyclists to stop at red lights...

"Now that the days are getting shorter, 

riders need to be more conscious of the need for lights 

on their bikes on early morning rides,’’ said Mr Brennan. 

Feb 10th 2012

http://m.theage.com.au/victoria/cyclist-killed-in-highway-car-collision-20120210-1s73p.html

http://petedoweroadsafetyadvocate.blogspot.com.au/2013/02/cycling-bike-lights-public-liability.html



"Cyclists who break the law are much more 

likely to be killed and seriously injured"


Bicycle Victoria's Report into Cycle Deaths in Victoria (2002)

Cyclist killed in highway car collision

Megan Levy February 10, 2012
A cyclist killed on an early morning ride in Melbourne’s outer north-west appeared to have entered a major intersection on a red light before she was struck by a car, police say.
The 36-year-old mother was not wearing a helmet and suffered massive head injuries in the accident at the intersection of Gourlay Road and the Melton Highway at Hillside.
Sergeant Kevin Hickson the woman, who was dressed in cycling lycra, was believed to have had earphones in and did not have lights on her bike when the crash occurred at 6.15am.
He said the woman was cycling north on Gourlay Road when she entered the intersection with the Melton Highway and was struck by a maroon Nissan coupe, driven by a 23-year-old from Hillside, heading east on the highway.
Sergeant Hickson said witnesses saw the Nissan pass through the intersection when the light turned amber and struck the woman, who was already in the middle of the intersection.
‘‘From our witnesses and the driver and the light cycle, it would appear that the cyclist has maybe entered the intersection against the red light or for some reason moved into the intersection maybe from the centre median strip before she should have,’’ Sergeant Hickson said.
He said another vehicle that had been travelling near the Nissan had stopped at the lights when they turned amber.
‘‘From the witnesses and from what we’ve been told by the driver, the lights turned amber and one the drivers has stopped, one of the drivers has gone through,’’ he said.
‘‘We don’t believe there’s any speed involved, there’s no suggestion of alcohol. 
What we have found out so far is that the cyclist wasn’t wearing a helmet, there’s no lights on the bike, 

we think maybe she might have had a set of headphones in - there’s a set of headphones with her - and at this stage we’re just trying to clarify why she was in the intersection when the drivers had a green light for them and then an amber light.’’
He said it was a ‘‘sad day’’ for the woman’s family, including her young child.
‘‘A family has lost a daughter and a child has lost a mum,’’ he said.
However he said cyclists needed to take precautions to ensure their safety on the road.
‘‘Helmets save lives. Lights save lives. Sometimes you’re just lost for words as to why we don’t get that,’’ Sergeant Hickson said.
‘‘Some cyclists think that because they’re watching, they’re going to see everything and that’s not the case.’’
Bicycle Victoria spokesman Garry Brennan said it was critically important for cyclists to stop at red lights,

and for motorists not to approach intersections with the assumption that lights would turn in their favour ‘‘because riders can get stranded in wide intersections such as this one’’.
"Now that the days are getting shorter, riders need to be more conscious of the need for lights on their bikes on early morning rides,’’ he said.
"Melbourne probably has the highest rate of helmet wearing in the world, and it is troubling that way too many of the bike fatalities involve riders without helmets.’’
However he said the suggestion that the woman was wearing headphones was not an issue.
‘‘Just as car radios and motorcycle in-helmet speakers have not been shown to be a problem, no evidence has emerged that headphones on bike riders are hazardous,’’ he said.
Less than two hours after the Hillside crash, paramedics were called to a separate crash involving a car and a cyclist in Beaumaris.
  Ambulance Victoria spokesman Paul Bentley said the collision occurred at the corner of Cloris Avenue and Tramway Parade at 7.40am.
The cyclist was taken to Sandringham Hospital in a stable condition, however further details of the crash were not immediately available.
Mr Bentley said paramedics were called to three other accidents this morning involving cyclists falling from their bikes.
A 28-year-old man was taken to the Royal Melbourne Hospital in a stable condition after he crashed on Poplar Road in Parkville at 8.40am.
Forty minutes later, paramedics were called to Chapman Street in Rosanna where a 55-year-old man had come off his bike. He was taken to hospital in a stable condition.
At 10am a 25-year-old man fell from his bike near the intersection of Through Road and Joffre Street in Camberwell. He was taken to The Alfred hospital in a stable condition.
The woman’s death at Hillside brings Victoria’s road toll for the year to 35, compared to 25 for the same period last year.
Police are appealing for anyone who saw the Hillside crash to contact Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000 or visit www.crimestoppers.com.au.





Bicycle Victoria spokesman Garry Brennan said 

it was critically important for cyclists to stop at red lights...

‘‘because riders can get stranded in wide intersections such as this one’’.



"Cyclists take much longer to clear an intersection than motorists. 

Ithe cyclist ran red or entered the intersection on amber, 

pedestrians may have started to cross with the walk sign on the far side before the cyclist clears the intersection. 

This means the cyclist would continue through a busy pedestrian crossing"

Pete Dowe


(The Cyclists states )"I was already way too committed to stop," the post states. 

"The light turned red as I was cruising through the middle of the intersection and then, almost instantly, the
southern crosswalk on Market and Castro filled up with people coming from both directions. ... 

I couldn't see a line through the crowd and I couldn't stop, so I laid it down and just plowed through the

crowded crosswalk in the least-populated place I could find."





This blog strongly opposes certain reforms 

VicRoads is currently considering:


"under one suggested reform, 

cyclists could be allowed to treat red lights as Give Way signs. 

And the same could also APPLY at pedestrian lights."   

Also

"PERMITTING cyclists, riding cautiously, to proceed past a stationary tram;"



"ALLOWING all riders to use the footpath, provided that they give way to pedestrians."

Herald Sun 12.9.14





There were eleven cyclist fatalities in Victoria 

caused by the cyclist entering the road from the footpath and driveway (DCA 147 and 148)*

during the period January 1st 2003 to June 30th 2013 

according to VicRoads CrashStats.



Ten of the fatalities were caused by the cyclist riding from 

the footpath onto the road (DCA 148) 


and one fatality was caused by the cyclist emerging 

from the driveway onto the road (DCA 147).



All of the eleven deceased were Male.

Six of the eleven deceased 

were boys 13 years or younger.



Six of the eleven deceased were over 12 

and therefore illegally on the footpath. 




Two of the deceased were too young to be on a bicycle unsupervised, 

and too young to be on the roads at 4 and 5 years of age.



Four of the eleven fatally injured were not wearing bicycle helmets.


They were two men and two boys.



            There were also 621 cyclists seriously injured caused by the cyclist either emerging from the driveway onto the road, 

or riding from the footpath onto the road 

during the period January 1st 2003 to June 30th 2013 

according to VicRoads CrashStats.



488 of the 621 seriously injured cyclists were Male.


469 of the 621 seriously injured cyclists 


were over 12 yo and therefore illegally on the footpath.



368 cyclists were seriously injured riding from the footpath onto the road (DCA 148)

289 of these seriously injured cyclists were Male.



Almost 200 Males were seriously injured cycling from the driveway onto the road (DCA 147) 


There were 253 serious injuries caused by the cyclist emerging from the driveway onto the road.


199 were Male. 



73 of those seriously injured were boys under 15.




* DCA: Victoria Police Definition for Classifying an Accident



Pete Dowe
Road Safety Advocate 






Lessons – Too many children die because they cannot control their bikes and are not “traffic” aware:



  • Supervision is the key. Don’t let your child near the road unsupervised until you are sure they can stop safely and cross roads safely.

      "Road safety for children is like pool safety – constant supervision is the key."



Bicycle Victoria's Report into Cycle Deaths in Victoria 2002





















"Young people are being killed riding off the footpath 

onto the road"





"Almost one in five fatal cycle crashes (16%) involved a cyclist, usually young, riding off a footpath or driveway onto the road." 



"Most (63%) of the fatalities in this group are under 15 and male." (2002)



"This type of crash also accounts for 18.2% of all cycle crashes."



"This crash type illustrates one of the main problems with footpath riding -

cyclists still have to cross a road at every intersection, including each driveway."





:Riders need to take care when leaving the footpath to cross 

a road or to begin riding on the road."



      "Road safety for children is like pool safety – constant supervision is the key."



The crashes mostly occur on weekdays (90%) from 7am to 11am and 2pm to 7pm. 




They are mostly in metro Melbourne (52%)


and in regional centres, mainly (74%) in 60 and 70km zones.





Bicycle Victoria's Report into Cycle Deaths in Victoria 2002









      Comment by Pete Dowe



    Cycling Participation: 


Any kind of Cycling More Often?










Pete  Dowe
Road Safety Advocate


Mordialloc Chelsea Leader

April 6th 2009








An 88 year old female pedestrian was struck and killed by a female cyclist while boarding a Tram in Melbourne at a Tram Stop next to the Rear of State Parliament

http://petedoweroadsafetyadvocate.blogspot.com.au/2013/12/cycling-public-liability-negligence-all.html


Swanston Street tram super stop in Melbourne



Melbourne CBD 
Photo ABC TV News




http://petedoweroadsafetyadvocate.blogspot.com.au/2013/12/cycling-public-liability-negligence-all.html







An 88 year old female pedestrian was struck and killed by a female cyclist while boarding a Tram in Melbourne at a Tram Stop next to the Rear of State Parliament

Cyclists Identification Terry Mulder

http://petedoweroadsafetyadvocate.blogspot.com.au/2012/07/video-melbourne-cbd-cyclist-creeps-ride.html

VicRoads Crashstats




Witnesses said the woman had only taken one step off the curb at the tram stop in Macarthur St when a female cyclist struck her and knocked her to the ground.


Tram-Stop Cyclist Creeps!

Trams

Road Rule: A bike rider must stop before passing the rear
of a stopped tram at a tram stop. 

Once the tram doors are closed and pedestrians 
have crossed between the tram and kerb, 
the rider may then proceed to pass the tram.


"People i.e. pedestrians are part of the environment too. 
Cycling must be people-friendly" 

Pete Dowe
"The old lady is unfortunately not in good shape, the lady on the bicycle also has some injuries," Ms Corcoran said.
"She was responding when I first got to her, but once I got a doctor she had stoppedresponding. (She had) head injuries mainly, very severe head injuries.
"She was responding to me, nodding and with a slight moan, but that did not last for very long and then concussion set in. "The cyclist, believed to be a younger woman, appeared to have a dislocated shoulder. 



Elderly woman struck by bike while boarding tram

AN elderly woman has been taken to hospital with serious head injuries after being run over by a cyclist while trying to board a stopped tram in East Melbourne.
Witnesses said the woman had only taken one step off the curb at the tram stop in Macarthur St when a female cyclist struck her and knocked her to the ground.
Nurse Lisa Corcoran saw the crash unfold shortly before midday and ran to the old woman's help, but said she soon lost consciousness after suffering head injuries.
"The old lady is unfortunately not in good shape, the lady on the bicycle also has some injuries," Ms Corcoran said.
"She was responding when I first got to her, but once I got a doctor she had stoppedresponding. (She had) head injuries mainly, very severe head injuries.
"She was responding to me, nodding and with a slight moan, but that did not last for very long and then concussion set in."
The cyclist, believed to be a younger woman, appeared to have a dislocated shoulder.
The accident happened just metres from ongoing extensive roadworks at the tram stop next to the rear entrance to Parliament House, where traffic restrictions are currently in place.
An ambulance spokesman said the accident took place at the intersection with St Andrews Place.
- with Jessica Craven













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